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Nine Soldiers Dead in New Fighting on Armenia-Azerbaijan Border

The fighting between the arch-foes in the South Caucasus since Sunday has been the heaviest in years, raising fears of a major flare-up in the volatile region.

At least nine soldiers were killed Tuesday as fighting broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia for a third day despite international calls for restraint.

The fighting between the arch-foes in the South Caucasus since Sunday has been the heaviest in years, raising fears of a major flare-up in the volatile region.

Azerbaijan said seven of its soldiers had died on Tuesday, including two senior officers, while Armenia said two of its troops had been killed, its first reported casualties in the clashes.

The ex-Soviet republics have been locked in a simmering conflict for decades over Azerbaijan’s southwestern separatist region of Nagorno Karabakh, which was seized by ethnic Armenian separatists in a 1990s war that claimed 30,000 lives.

Fighting outside the region is rare, but since Sunday the two sides have reported clashes in northern areas along their shared border.

Increasing Fears of Major Flare-Up

Azerbaijan’s defense ministry said Armenian forces had attacked its positions in the northern Tovuz region with artillery fire, mortars, and large-caliber machineguns on Tuesday. It said several villages in the area had also come under fire.

Deputy Defence Minister Karim Valiyev told state television that a major general, a colonel, and five other servicemen had “heroically died in action” on Tuesday. That brings the total number of Azerbaijani soldiers killed since Sunday to 11.

The Azerbaijani foreign ministry also said that one civilian was killed in an artillery strike on a village in Tovuz region.

Armenia accused Azerbaijani forces of opening fire again on the northeastern section of the border in its Tavush province, with defense ministry spokesman Sushan Stepanyan saying a major and a captain had been killed.

The Armenian foreign ministry also accused Azerbaijan of using drones to attack civilian sites in the town of Berd in Tavush.

“This aggression against the security of the civilian population of Armenia will receive a proportionate response, for which the Azerbaijani side bears full responsibility,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Anna Naghdalyan said in a statement.

Moscow Urges ‘Restraint’

The fighting on the northern border — hundreds of kilometers from Nagorno Karabakh — has prompted calls for calm from the United States, European Union, and Russia, while Azerbaijan’s ally Turkey expressed support for Baku.

“We are deeply concerned about the exchange of fire on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters after the latest clashes on Tuesday, calling on “both sides to show restraint.”

Mediated by the “Minsk Group” of diplomats from France, Russia, and the United States talks on the Karabakh conflict have been largely stalled since a 1994 ceasefire deal.

Armenia, which has close political and military ties with Russia, controls the disputed region and has vowed to crush any attempt to take it back.

But energy-rich Azerbaijan, whose military spending exceeds Armenia’s entire state budget, has repeatedly threatened to restore its control over the territory by force.

In 2016, deadly clashes in Karabakh nearly spiraled into full-scale war.

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