The UN Security Council on Tuesday renewed its sanctions regime on Yemen for another year, after tense negotiations between the United Kingdom and Russia, which threatened to veto any mention, even implicit, of Iran.
Thirteen countries eventually adopted the U.K.-drafted resolution on the sanctions, which now are in effect through February 2021. Russia and China abstained.
The sanctions plan, which would have expired on Wednesday, includes the extension of the mandate of U.N. experts who monitor the arms embargo imposed in 2015.
The resolution also extends the measures that provide for the freezing of assets and travel bans on targeted officials.
Talks had been ongoing for a week with little apparent difficulty, but suddenly on Monday, Russia said it could not support the text drafted by the U.K.
It threatened to use its veto and offered a counterproposal, diplomats said.
Russia was up in arms over any mention of Iran, which backs the Houthi rebels in their battle with government forces supported by a Saudi-led military coalition.
A recent report from the U.N. experts who monitor the arms embargo said the Houthis had been in possession since 2019 of new weapons – drones and cruise missiles – with “technical characteristics similar to arms” produced in Iran.
The report did not say whether the weapons were delivered to the Houthis directly by the government in Tehran, which has repeatedly denied sending them arms.
During the Security Council negotiations, the U.K. initially abandoned any mention of Iran.
But shortly before the vote and after France and Belgium stepped in to mediate, the U.K. agreed to omit any reference to the arms possessed by the Houthis and their similarity to Iranian weapons.
Non-governmental organizations say the conflict in Yemen has claimed tens of thousands of lives, most of them civilians. The U.N. says the war has provoked the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.
During the debate Tuesday, U.S. representative Rodney Hunter accused Iran of smuggling weapons to the Houthi rebels for years, thus violating the U.N. arms embargo on Yemen and one imposed against Iran.
The U.K. and France criticized what they called Russia’s habit of threatening to use its veto power and proposing a competing text so as to have its way.
Veto power cannot become a negotiating tactic, said British Ambassador Karen Pierce.
“If countries are going to engage in negotiations with us in detail and then not support the text, then that in my mind is sharp practice,” Pierce said.
Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia denounced what he called an artificial crisis. He complained that none of Russia’s concerns were taken into account by the British and said the approach in this case could be one of “take it or leave it.”
With reporting from AFP