Galapagos Islands will not host US military base, Ecuador president says

A US-Ecuador agreement allows US planes to use the airstrip to refuel during missions to monitor illegal activities in the region

Ecuador President Lenin Moreno has insisted the United States will not install a military base on the Galapagos Islands, a day after the government revealed that American aircraft would be able to use an airstrip there.

“There are not, nor will there be, foreign military bases in the country,” Moreno tweeted on Tuesday, June 18, expressing his commitment to “zealously preserve the Galapagos Islands.”

Defense Minister Oswaldo Jarrin caused a stir on Monday when he revealed that an air surveillance agreement signed with Washington would allow U.S. planes to refuel or temporarily be stationed at the airport on San Cristobal Island, around 1,000 km (600 miles) west of Ecuador’s Pacific coast.

Ecuador’s constitution, adopted in 2008, prohibits the installation of foreign military bases in the country.

Jarrin said the U.S. aircraft would be taking part in surveillance to combat drug trafficking and illegal fishing, but would only use the airstrip “once a month, for no more than three days.”

San Cristóbal island airport
The airport on San Cristóbal island in the Galapagos, December 22, 2014. Image: Carlos Rodríguez/ANDES.CC BY-SA 2.0

“Aerial surveillance is a joint activity between several countries to protect this world heritage,” Moreno stressed. “Peace, sovereignty and national security are our legacy.”

Moreno shared an image of an official communique from the Governing Council of the Galapagos Special Regime dated June 12 which said that the government had decided on cooperation with the U.S. “for the exclusive purposes of improving the runway of San Cristóbal Airport and allowing the refueling of two aircraft to monitor illegal activities in the extensive marine reserve, in order to protect national sovereignty against these threats.”

“Cooperation will be expanded, together with the Governments of Peru, Chile and Colombia, to have a regional stance on such threats, within their respective jurisdictions,” the communique added.

Jarrin had been called before Congress’ international relations commission to explain the U.S. agreement, while several lawmakers voiced concerns over Ecuador’s sovereignty and the impact on the environment.

The Galapagos Islands are best known for their unique flora and fauna, which inspired naturalist Charles Darwin to write his landmark 1859 study on evolution, “On the Origin of Species.”

They are home to species of tortoises, iguanas, birds and fish found nowhere else.

Moreno’s predecessor, Rafael Correa decided in 2007 not to extend beyond 2009 the lease of a U.S. base in the Manta fishing port, which was used to carry out anti-drug trafficking flights.

However, since last September, U.S. planes began taking off from the southwestern coastal town of Guayaquil on missions to combat drug trafficking and illegal fishing following a new pact signed between Quito and Washington.

Relations between the two countries were tense during Correa’s decade in power from 2007-17 but have improved since Moreno took over.

Correa has lived in Belgium since 2017 and sources close to the former president claim he has requested political asylum there. He is wanted in his homeland on suspicion of kidnapping, a charge he has dismissed as “political persecution.”

With reporting from AFP

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