Saudi Arabia and America must pursue “urgent efforts” to bring a peaceful end to Yemen’s war, U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis told Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Thursday.
The two ministers also discussed ways Saudi Arabia might be able to offer or facilitate some sort of “safe haven” for Taliban members who are prepared to negotiate for peace in Afghanistan, an official said.
Mattis and the Crown Prince met at the Pentagon as part of MbS’s tour of the United States, which began this week with a White House visit.
“As you discussed with President Trump on Tuesday, we must also reinvigorate urgent efforts to seek a peaceful resolution to the civil war in Yemen and we support you in this regard,” Mattis told the prince.
Mattis said he believes Saudi Arabia is “part of the solution.”
“They have stood by the United Nations-recognized government and we are going to end this war, that is the bottom line. And we are going to end it on positive terms for the people of Yemen, but also security for the nations in the peninsula,” Mattis added.
Saudi Arabia leads a coalition in Yemen fighting the Iran-backed Houthis.
The devastating three-year-old conflict was an early proving ground for the prince, who is also the minister of defense, but it has been beset by allegations of atrocities against civilians, and strategic drift.
Just hours after the prince left the White House on Tuesday, the U.S. Senate voted not to debate a bipartisan bid designed to curtail U.S. support for the war, which includes refuelling of Saudi jets as well as target and intelligence sharing. The resolution to end US support for the Yemen conflict had been championed by senators including independent Bernie Sanders, Republican Mike Lee, and Democrat Chris Murphy who argued that the Congressional Authorization for the Use of Military Force did not cover the U.S. operation in Yemen,
Mattis lobbied Congress to reject the bill, saying that restrictions may increase civilian casualties and jeopardize counterterrorism cooperation, alongside reducing U.S. “influence with the Saudis.”
Speaking through a translator, MbS told Mattis that cooperation between the Pentagon and the kingdom has “improved tremendously” of late.
More than 9,200 people have been killed and tens of thousands wounded in Yemen’s war, which is seen as both a civil conflict and a proxy war between regional titans Saudi Arabia and Iran. More than a million Yemenis have contracted cholera, an easily preventable yet lethal disease.
Pentagon spokeswoman Dana White said after the meeting that Mattis and Prince Mohammed did not discuss civilian casualties except when it had been brought up by a reporter.
MbS and Mattis discuss peace talks for Afghanistan
Separately, on Afghanistan, White said Mattis and the prince discussed the issue of what to do with Taliban members open to peace talks.
During a visit to the war-torn country last week, Mattis and other US officials said some Taliban elements are open to talking with the Afghan government, after Afghan President Ashraf Ghani unveiled a plan to open peace talks with the insurgents. The Taliban has also called for direct talks with the United States to find a “peaceful solution” to the Afghanistan conflict.
“Ensuring that there is a safe haven for those who would want to negotiate a political solution is what they generally talked about,” White told reporters.
The prince “was supportive of finding ways to help the reconciliation,” she added.
“Not necessarily specifically safe haven but talking about (looking) at ways to help facilitate a political reconciliation for those Taliban members who are willing to talk.”
Saudi Arabia nurtured the Taliban’s rise in the 1990s and was one of only three countries, along with the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, to recognize the Taliban government.
White added that Saudi Arabia expressed an interest in doing greater training with US forces, and noted that Trump had been hastening military sales to the kingdom.
Later on Thursday, Washington formally approved defense contracts totalling more than $1 billion with Saudi Arabia.
The State Department confirmed it had approved a $670 million deal for anti-tank missiles, a $106 million contract for helicopter maintenance and $300 million for ground vehicle parts.
With reporting from AFP